Poikiloderma is the term used to describe a skin condition which is characterised by brown patches of pigmentation (hyper pigmentation) combined with skin redness (erythema), caused by broken blood vessels, known as Telangiectasia. It is best characterised by it’s mottled appearance, sometimes more red, sometimes more brown. The texture of the skin can also be affected, often feeling more ‘papery’ and is in fact much weaker than normal skin. It is also known as Poikiloderma of Civatte, after the physician who first reported the symptoms.
What causes Poikiloderma?
It is thought that the most common cause of the condition is sun damage, or prolonged exposure to UV rays, because of the fact that each individual symptom is also a side effect of too much sun. Another cause can be chemical peeling of the skin. We tend to see a rise in people showing symptoms of the condition, due to a increase in popularity of chemical skin treatments.
Where can you get Poikiloderma?
Poikiloderma is mainly found on the sides of the face and neck, but can also appear on the chest, décolletage and forehead (especially in males with receding hair lines).
Who can get Poikiloderma?
Anyone can get Poikiloderma, but it is most commonly found in women with fairer skins who have had prolonged exposure to the sun. This may be because the condition can be exacerbated by hormones and by the use of certain cosmetics, such as perfume, which are applied to areas of the skin where the condition most frequently appears.